Some of the most prevalent reasons of under eye circles are beyond your control, such as genetics and age. As you become older, your skin thins and you lose collagen (which provides your skin suppleness) and fat. This results in hollows around your eyes, which cast shadows and produce dark circles. Darker pigmentation around the eyes is also typically genetically predisposed. However, there are several things you can do to either avoid or alleviate your under eye circles.
Get Plenty of Sleep
Sleep deprivation does not produce dark circles, but it might make your skin paler and highlight any existing shadows. Getting enough sleep will enhance your complexion and make those circles go.
Cold can constrict the blood vessels beneath your eyes, decreasing puffiness and dark circles. This can be accomplished in a variety of ways. For 10-20 minutes, place a cooled teaspoon, an ice cube wrapped in a towel, or a bag of frozen peas against your eyes. You may also have fun with veggies by holding cooled cucumber or potato slices up to your eyes.
Sleep with one or two pillows beneath your head. Elevating your head while sleeping keeps fluid from accumulating in your eyes, producing puffiness and swelling.
Use Tea Bags
Caffeine is a diuretic, so when you apply it to your eyes, it constricts the blood vessels that cause the red coloration and heavy shadows. Take two caffeinated tea bags (black or green will work), soak them in boiling water for approximately 5 minutes, and then chill them in the fridge for about 15 minutes until they are cold. Allow a cold tea bag to rest over each eye for 10-15 minutes.
Extra pigmentation under the eyes can be caused by sun damage. Dermatologists recommend using a daily moisturizer with a broad spectrum sunscreen that has an SPF of 30 or higher.
Control Your Allergies
Allergies are frequently responsible for dark circles beneath your eyes. Histamines, which produce allergic responses, can widen blood vessels and cause inflammation around the eyes. When your eyes get inflamed, you are more prone to rub them, aggravating them further and harming the blood vessels in the delicate skin around your eyes.
Makeup should be removed gently.
Because the skin behind your eyes is so fragile, touching them excessively might irritate them and rupture the little blood vessels beneath them. Use a light cleanser, such as a cleaning oil, balm, or towelette. Use warm, not hot, water and avoid rubbing back and forth vigorously.
Excess salt in your body can induce water retention, resulting in puffiness and the appearance of under eye circles. Dehydration also causes water retention; when the body does not obtain enough water, it tries to retain what little water it has by holding onto reserves. So, develop healthy behaviors such as drinking enough of water, avoiding excessive alcohol use, and avoiding smoking.
Understand Your Skincare Products
Dermatologists advocate retinoids, which are Vitamin A derivatives that help create dermal collagen, fill in fine lines and wrinkles, and encourage the formation of new blood vessels, all of which enhance skin color. Retinol (over-the-counter form) is easily available in a cream at a drugstore, and prescription grade retinoids can be obtained through your doctor.
There are also topical skin-lightening and moisturizing creams available. Look for eye creams containing Vitamin C, glycerin, hyaluronic acid, peptides, dimethicone, and cyclomethicone.
Use Caution When Choosing Makeup
When it comes to make-up, be cautious. Some products might produce irritation or allergic responses, which can worsen under-eye circles. Avoid smudgy eye liners, eye pencils, and mascara, since these will likely make your eye circles appear deeper.